Interconnected

Red, yellow, green, bice, plunket, plaid

Opening lines of Wikipedia articles on various colours:

  • Red. Red is the color at the end of the visible spectrum next to orange and at the opposite end from violet. The wavelength of red light is approximately 620–740 nm on the electromagnetic spectrum. Red is the color of blood ...
  • Yellow. Yellow /[phonetic]/ is the color of gold, butter, and ripe lemons. In the spectrum of visible light, and in the traditional color wheel used by painters, yellow is found between green and orange. It is a primary color in subtractive color. Yellow is commonly associated with gold ...
  • Green. Green is a color on the spectrum of visible light, located between blue and yellow. It is evoked by light with a predominant wavelength of roughly 495-570 nm. In the subtractive color system, used in painting and color printing, it is created by a combination of yellow and blue, or yellow and cyan ...
  • Blue. Blue is the colour of the clear sky and the deep sea. It is located between violet and green on the optical spectrum. Surveys in the U.S. and Europe show that blue is the colour most commonly associated with harmony, faithfulness, confidence, distance, infinity, the imagination, cold, and sometimes with sadness.

Do nanometers help?

p215-218: Table 33, Color words in Samuel Johnson's Dictionary (1755).

(I found a file on my computer with the above title. Pages 215-218 of what? The notes are probably from when I was researching Making Senses back in 2006... but the actual source? Possibly Folk Taxonomies in Early English (Anderson). Dunno. Anyway, here are my favourites.)

Black

  • bistre "A colour made of chimney soot boiled, and then diluted with water, used by painters in washing their designs."
  • lutarious "Of the colour of mud."

White

  • grisly Defined as "Dreadful; horrible; hideous; frightful; terrible," but several citations make it clear that grisly is a color word.
  • hoar "1. White. 2. Grey with age. 3. White with frost."

Red

  • lake "A middle colour, betwixt ultramarine and vermilion, yet it is rather sweet than harsh. It is made of cochineal"
  • roan Citation: "Roan horse is a horse of a bay, sorrel, or black colour, with grey or white spots interspersed very thick."
  • rubican "Rubican colour of a horse is one that is bay, sorrel, or black, with a light, gray, or white upon the flanks, but so that this grey or white is not predominant there."

Green

  • bice "The name of a colour using in painting. It is either green or blue."

Blue

  • ceruleous, cerulean "Blue, sky coloured."
  • plunket "A kind of blue colour."
  • welkin "sky-coloured"

Also

Also, hyper-red.

Synaesthesia is when you, for example, "see" the printed number 5 as green, and 2 as green. Or hear C-sharp as blue. I swear I remember reading about an experiment where - when a synaesthesiac sees the number 5 as red - the number 5 is also printed in red. And the resulting colour: HYPER-RED.

But I've been combing The Phenomenology of Synaesthesia (Ramachandran and Hubbard) which is the go-to paper on such questions (for example, Does it matter whether the letters are upper or lower case? Yes it does)... and I can't find anything. Am I mis-remembering?

Finally: A list of fictional colours. Plaid is one of the colors outside of the natural human spectrum visible to large intelligent arachnids in Vernor Vinge's novel A Deepness in the Sky. Cracking book that.